James Madison Wants Union with Mexico (to avoid becoming like France)

Federalist No. 10, or, The Same Subject Continued: The Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection,” by “Publius” (James Madison), Daily Advertiser, 22 November 1787, http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Federalist_No._10.

Back to Federalism,” by David Gelernter, Weekly Standard, 10 April 2005, http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/012/062fkzaa.asp (from Bench Memos).

The United States of America should absorb the Mexican United States, creating an 81-state economic and political union. I’ve argued this will shrink the size of government and unite the North American people.

musa
Uniting States of America

Another reason to marry the united States of America and Mexico is that it help build the America of our Founders’ dreams.


In the tenth blog post of a series that would later be published as The Federalist, James Madison (writing under the name Publius) wrote

The other point of difference is, the greater number of citizens and extent of territory which may be brought within the compass of republican than of democratic government; and it is this circumstance principally which renders factious combinations less to be dreaded in the former than in the latter. … the same advantage which a republic has over a democracy, in controlling the effects of faction, is enjoyed by a large over a small republic,–is enjoyed by the Union over the States composing it

In other words, large unions are preferable to small ones because special interests find big unions harder to take over. With a bigger and broader population, ideological minorities can find safe niches to retreat to, and have longer to use asymmetric strategies against their larger competitors.

For most of American history, this worked fine. Under the explicit ruleset of the Constitution, Americans increased their freedoms and their prosperity over the lifetimes. A serious oversight in the Constitution — whether or not States could leave our economic and political union — was resolved at some cost in the mid-19th century. Otherwise, however, the internal strength and happiness of the American States have been the envy of the world.

However, much of this progress was undone in the mid and late 20th centuries. Nationalists — American Gaullists — succeeded in throwing much of American policy into judicial tyranny. The same geography-reducing forces that allow bloggers to community — and allowed the Ottoman Sultans to destroy home-rule in that country — let men like Earl Warren undermine the logic of Federalist 10. With safe local niches destroyed by judicial fiat — and asymmetric strategies rendered impossible due to a Judicialization of the police force — our Madisonian guarantees of freedom were swept away.

Today this undemocratic centralization is seen by our National Judiciary’s leftist stance on abortion…

But the collapse of federalism has ruined this valuable arrangement. The collapse gathered momentum with the Supreme Court’s 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade, which legalized abortion and was a tragedy for reasons beyond those that are usually discussed; a tragedy even for Americans who believe in completely unregulated abortion.

Roe was a power grab in which uniformity was imposed on a facet of society that had been allowed to vary. “Diversity” is a big selling point on the left, but not among believers in an activist Supreme Court.

— as if the Gaullist belief that South Dakota would be happy with the same abortion laws as the people of Massachusettes was true.

However, such a Gaullist view of America’s economic & political union of sovereign States would be untenable if the 31 southern Continental states and united with the 50 northern ones. The issues extend beyond abortion to homosexualist marriage, education politics, contracting laws, hand-guns, and other issues. It is a mistake – a Gaullist, France-style mistake – to assume that all American people should hand their fortunes to a distant National Government, when they live in states which are closer to their values.

Protect Federalism. Protect Democracy. Let the Mexican States, if they so choose, join our Union under our Constitution.