Redefining the Gap 8, The Research Design

Note: This is a selection from Redefining the Gap, part of tdaxp‘s SummerBlog ’06

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Yet in spite of the potential consequences of Barnett’s work, little has been done to test it. For instance, do the measures he gives for the “Gap” actually correlate with being in the Gap? Does another accepted model work better?


This model predicts that Barnett’s more granular summary, divided into the Old Core, New Core, and Gap, is both positive for each of the measures he defines as well as superior to alternate ternary models of the Global South. Likewise, this model predicts that his simpler version, with a united Core and the Gap, is both positive for each of those measures as well as superior to alternate binary measures. Last, this paper predicts that the more granular version is superior on these same counts to the less granular one.

This model will contain five independent variables, and a sixth which is a composite of the five. The five independent variables are the measures of poverty, nastiness, shortness, brutality, and solitariness previously described. All independent variables will come form Barnett’s first measurement of the Gap.

All data for this study will come from the CIA’s World Factbook, Freedom House’s Freedom in the World study, or the University of Maryland’s International Crisis Behavior Project. The World Factbook has been used in academic studies down the decades (Evans 2003:1311; Lennox 1993:705; Partem 1983:8). Freedom House is a leader in measuring democratic rights in countries, and is a standard on which other measures are judged (Davenport and Armstrong 2004 541; Vanhanen 2000 251). The University of Maryland’s database is also a leading statistical resource, but of war instead of rights (Caprioli and Boyer 2001 504; Oneal and Bryan 1995 380).


Redefining the Gap, a tdaxp series:
Redefining the Gap 1. Prologue
Redefining the Gap 2. Summary
Redefining the Gap 3. Introduction to Geopolitics
Redefining the Gap 4. First Geopolitical Theories
Redefining the Gap 5. The North and the South
Redefining the Gap 6. Critical Geopolitics
Redefining the Gap 7. The Pentagon’s New Map
Redefining the Gap 8. The Research Design
Redefining the Gap 9. Methods and Operationalizations
Redefining the Gap 10. Limitations and Conclusion
Redefining the Gap 11. Results
Redefining the Gap 12. Bibliography
Redefining the Gap 13. Appendix: Computer Code
Redefining the Gap 14. Appendix: National Codes

Fragrant Hills (Xiangshan) and Thoughts on Smog

The pure awesomeness of today requires some introduction. So, here goes.

Today I went to Fragrant Hills (Xiangshan), and had the best experience of my vacation in Beijing. Indeed, it should count as one of the best days of my life. I took a gondola ride up a mountain, stood where an Emperor once did, and even wailed at the Sun Yatsen Memorial. Yet its awesomeness was only increased when considering how Xingshan was bookended by horrible, horrible times.

I woke up feeling very ill. I have been feeling worse every day, and it increased to being barely functional last night and early today AM. Indeed, I probably feel worse now.

The reason is air pollution. I was chatting with Biz of Trumpy Productions (read his tdaxp reviews of The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time and The Partly Cloudy Patriot about this earlier today, I informed him of facts such as

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This was just absent from the Fragrant Hills (Xiangshan) park. High above the city, one could look down at the smog bowl and realize how terrible it was. It’s one thing feeling the carbon monoxide eat away at one’s life as an incompetent cabby gets lost on the fifth ring road (as would happen later in the day) — it’s another thing to realize you can’t even see the downtown.

Anyway, enough bitching about the pollution. I know it’s a problem, so I will manage my health as best I can. Fragrant Hills was amazing, and the pictures today are all about the beauty and glory of Xiang Shan.



When Multilaterialism Had Teeth


A Rocky Gate


Beautiful Roof fo a Buddhist Temple Over the Rocks


The Lower Part of the Park Was Filled with Retirees


Strange Rock Carvings Are Everywhere


Framing at a Restaurant


Approaching a Building


Crossing the Bridge to Get There


Reminds Me of Descriptions of Alhambra


Graffiti in Chinese and English


View from the Courtyard Inside the Building


After the Building, Passed this Rocky Entrance


Successfully Distant Objects Through a Circular Arch


More Succession, This One Leading to an Old Portrait


A Complex of Buildings and a Pond


Real Live Growing Bamboo!


Vines Growing on a Support Mesh (Looking Up)


A Heart-Shaped Lake through a Waterfall.


Exiting the Waterfall Pass


On a Gondola!


More of the Park from the Air


It’s a Long Line of Cars Sky-Cabs, Trying to get Through


Birds of Prey! (Typically Absent from Beijing)


A Scary Mountainous Road


Reaching the Top, rested under this


Stereotypical Chinese Building


A Pagoda on the Roof of Xiangshan


Looking down from the Pagoda, this scene seemed Mexican or Californian


More of the American Southwest @ Xiangshan


Hills Beyond (One of the Best Shots of the Trip)


Can you see Beijing? I couldn’t either — because the city is covered in smog.


More of the Smoggy City. The pollution prevents you from seeing all of the “country,” let alone the city itself


The City attacks a Valley


Flowers. As I took this, I remarked “I bet old people will like this.”


Mother of tdaxp has the same type of flowers in the garden — as deer throughout South Dakota know well.


Elder Signs?


Proof that Old People do, indeed, like flowers.


Crossing the Road to find the Sun Yatsen Memorial, We Stumbled Across This Lake


The Lake from Some Rocks


Unidentified Rocky, Barred Something


Is the Sun Yatsen Memorial Through Here?


Approaching the Gate of Pax Aeterna


Sanskrit (this is for you, Biz) Writing Welcomes Visitors, as does the same message in three other languages. Dated from around 1776.


Closer to Neverending Peace.


Beyond the Gate and to the Side: an Apparently Lived-in Abode.


The Stone Shield, Viewed from the Center of the Pavillion


The Pavillion Beyond the Stone Shield


Closer View. In the center, an old sketch (of the emperor?) is visibile. I imagine Catholicgauze would paint icons of noted Saints here…


The Pavillion, From the Center Step on the Stone Shield


A Sweet Raindrop is on the Other Side of Eternal Peace


Looking Back at the Stone Shield through the Gate


Walking down the Grand Stairway, Commoners


At the Bottom of the Stairs, This Beautiful Scene with a Flowery Moat


Well, back to the pollution of the Northern Capital of the Middle Country. Goodbye Xiangshan!