Redefining the Gap 11, Results

Note: This is a selection from Redefining the Gap, part of tdaxp‘s SummerBlog ’06

Nation Brutal Nasty Poor Sol. Short IV
OCNCG -0.16 0.47 0.73 0.64 0.43 0.65
CG -0.14 0.46 0.68 0.56 0.41 0.61
G77 -0.04 0.52 0.5 0.45 0.51 0.65
G2277 -0.09 0.48 0.47 0.42 0.51 0.61
AfroIslam 0.05 0.6 0.34 0.31 0.63 0.67
Nalign – 2 0.01 0.58 0.43 0.4 0.55 0.67
Nalign – 3 0.001 0.57 0.41 0.38 0.56 0.66
LDC – 2 -0.08 0.31 0.55 0.44 0.41 0.49
LDC – 3 -0.08 0.38 0.54 0.4 0.62 0.59
Worlds -0.14 0.42 0.7 0.59 0.48 0.64

The tables you see above are the coefficients of correlations for the models described in this series to the measures Barnett describes. This study looked at the population of all states, not a sample of states, so the margin of error is +/-0%. These numbers are completely internally valid — they describe carefully derived measures. The difference between them is significant. However, the greater question of whether or not the correct measures were used is a different subject.

Chirol from Coming Anarchy suggested that I look at the Four Flows instead of brutality, nastiness, etc. It may be that I misconstrued what Barnett meant in the passages of Pentagon’s New Map where he gives the definitions.

Regardless of the meaning of these numbers, a short discussion of the results is included below.

Brutality. This was the biggest surprise. For most measures, including Barnett’s Core-Gap and Old Core – New Core – Gap, brutality decreases in the Core. This is because the University of Maryland’s ICBP database that I used measures the countries involved in wars. Besides ignoring some sub-state conflicts, the project would this could the Kosovo War as mostly a “Core” war. After all, nearly all the combatants — America, England, etc, – are Core states.

Still, the Afroislamic Gap is the best predictor of brutality. Afromuslim countries go to war more often than any other states. The worst predictor was the Old Core – New Core – Gap model.

Nastiness. Measured through lack of political freedoms and human rights, Afromuslim states fail again. The worst measure is merely defining Lesser Developed Countries (LDCs) as the Gap.

Poverty. Here, Barnett’s economic determinist model shines through. The very best measure is Old Core – New Core – Gap, and the second best is a more general Core – Gap. Interestingly, here the Afroislam model scored the worst — a reversal of our experience with Brutality — though here at least, both show a positive correlation between being in a “Gap” and general badness.

Solitude. I modified Barnett’s measure, from internet hosts in a country to internet hosts per capita. It would make little sense to call a very populous state the most connected state if only a small fraction of its population had access to the internet. The results here are the similar to the ones for poverty — Old Core – New Core – Gap the best gauge, Afroislam the worst. Interestingly, here a 1st, 2nd, and 3rd world model of the globe does better than Barnett’s simpler Core-Gap model.

Shortness. Want to die early? Move to an African or Islamic country. Only looking at the world from t he point of view of Developed — Lesser Developed — Least Developed states comes close to this. The very worst predictor is Barnett’s Core – Gap model, though Barnett’s Old Core – New Core – Gap model is only slightly better.

All in All. Averaging these scores together, the AfroIslam model remains the best for describing the Hobbesian states we fight against and for. All in all, however, the ups in one Hobbesian measure seam to compensate for the downs in others, making all of these pretty good. Still, this shows a danger of just looking at an agregate measure instead of more specific measures.

A Note on the Result. I’m not a statistician. I have advanced training in predicate calculus and relational algebra, but the pseudo-math of statistics is not my forte. I would much rather have my analysis short to pieces than for it to just sit here. Likewise, I used an extremely simple tool to run these numbers.

Please, correct me. Show me where I am wrong. And then, let’s shrink the Gap — Afroislamic or not.

Redefining the Gap, a tdaxp series:
Redefining the Gap 1. Prologue
Redefining the Gap 2. Summary
Redefining the Gap 3. Introduction to Geopolitics
Redefining the Gap 4. First Geopolitical Theories
Redefining the Gap 5. The North and the South
Redefining the Gap 6. Critical Geopolitics
Redefining the Gap 7. The Pentagon’s New Map
Redefining the Gap 8. The Research Design
Redefining the Gap 9. Methods and Operationalizations
Redefining the Gap 10. Limitations and Conclusion
Redefining the Gap 11. Results
Redefining the Gap 12. Bibliography
Redefining the Gap 13. Appendix: Computer Code
Redefining the Gap 14. Appendix: National Codes

3 Thoughts on Immigration

My tunnel through the Great Firewall has been on the fritz, so I was able to read ZenPundit yesterday but unable to comment. Now I’m not able to load Mark’s top blog at all, so I will put my thoughts (as I can assemble them) here. Apology to Mark and the other bloggers who I will be referencing but not crediting. Thus, three false claims and my counter-arguments:

“We cannot have large-scale immigration, because it hurts the poor”
This position says that because the poor tend to be unskilled, and immigrants tend to be unskilled, increasing immigration hurts the poor by increasing their competition. This is certainly true. However, immigration also helps the poor by reducing the prices they pay for labor-intensive goods. As these goods (food, etc) take up a larger share of income from the poor than from the rich, the poor reap a disproportionate share of the gain from large-scale immigration. Regardless, attempting to use the immigration system as a social justice mechanism is strange. If you really want to help the poor who are hurt by immigration, just give them a monthly check to make up for their ‘loss’. Many “conservatives,” who rail against immigration in the name of the poor, would never do this. Thus they are unmasked: they care not for the poor, but for their own agenda.

“We cannot have large-scale immigration, because we should help other countries keep their own citizens”
This claim is even stranger. Some argue that we should not accept immigrants because the “root cause” is economic hardship in the countries they leave. This is know-nothing conservatism in disguise. We do not, at heart, embrace immigration to help other countries or to solve problems around the world: we embrace immigration because it helps our economy. Saying “we need to help Mexico keep Mexican citizens in Mexico” is like saying “we need to help Mexico keep Mexican oil in Mexico.” Why choke off a source of our greatness — labor — like this? If you really want to help emigrant countries, end farm and textile protection.

“We cannot have large-scale immigration, because we need a fence first”
Unlike the first two claims, this one doesn’t pretend to compassion or even cause-and-effect. It’s a demand that before we can substantially reduce the underground economy in the United States, we must first further isolate those people, ourselves, and other countries. It reminds me of the immediate, post-9/11 reaction of the Left: “We need higher taxes!” Why? Well… it’s fair.

Increase immigration. Build the future. Unite One America.