OODA Alpha, Part X: Instruction

In the context of conflict, Boyd (1986) instructs the reader to “get inside the adversary observation-orientation-decision-action loops (at all levels by being more subtle, more indistinct, more irregular, and quicker – yet appear to be otherwise.” The requirement for deception is because operations on the other’s orientation take place in confusing, disordered, and menacing environment (Boyd, 1986, 5). Yet whatever the attrition educators face (Smith & Ingersoll, 2004), students are not a force to be taken-down but one to be built-up. Therefore, the proper application of OODA theory would be to get inside the learners’ OODA loops, to manipulate their orientation bypass their decision making in order to change their implicit knowledge (Osinga, 2007). An instructor knowledgeable informed by OODA theory seeks to reorient learners.

In learning new words, to use as an example that teaches useful information, instructors wish to present an example of a new word in use, display what the word symbolizes, and explicitly define the word (Stahl, 1986) though too much information impedes performance (Igo, Kiewra, & Bruning, 2004; Igo, et al., 2007). That is, instruction is harmed by disorientation, even when the information that’s impeded cognition would by itself be useful (Kalyuga, Chandler, & Sweller, 2000, McCrudden, et al, 2004). Likewise, techniques that avoid disorientation by emphasizing materials for learners improve instruction (Kiewra, 1985; Titsworth, 2004; Titsworth & Kiewra, 2004 Neef, McCord, & Ferreri, 2006), beecause cues requires learners to make less decisions.


Laboratory instruction that does not attempt to teach useful information also finds the value of reorientation. One such arbitrary task is the Dunker radiation problem, which requires learners to discover that two separate lines of radiation are needed to kill a tumor (Dunker, 1926; Leech, Mareschal, & Cooper, 2007). Instruction in this program has focused on giving a one implicit or explicit clue, which still does not produce majority-correct performance (Gick & Holyoak, 1980), to repeated implicit practice, which does produce majority-correct answers (Thomas & Lleras, 2007). This result has been confirmed using other arbitrary tests (Schmidt, et al., 2007).

The central finding of both the practical and arbitrary instructional experiments is that learners, in the context of instruction, are best seen as passive. Or, more precisely, the conscious decision-making minds of learners should be recognized as passive. Orientation, and not decision, is the proper focus of instruction and therefore reorientation is the instructor’s trusty tool.


OODA Alpha, a tdaxp series
1. Abstract
2. Dual Processing Systems
3. The OODA Loop
4. Decision
5. Orientation
6. A Theory of Mind
7. Reorientation
8. Disorientation
9. Education
10. Instruction
11. Student Interaction
12. Creativity
13. Conclusion
14. Bibliography

John C. Dvorak on Dozier Internet Law

John C. Dvorak is a big name in technology analysis. I remember reading his columns in PC Magazine (he had two every issue) and watching him on CNET (the television show, not the website) before I even had a computer. So it’s especially pleasing that Dvorak links to Techdirt and Public Citizen in a post about Dozier Internet law.

Read Dvorak’s article.

Web discussion about Dozier Internet Law is very broad: from the erudite, to the elementary, from the case study, to the threatened blogger, everyone is talking about Dozier.

Why aren’t you?

Callahan even makes Texas A&M look good

Eep!

I wasn’t able to catch the Nebraska game today, but after I learned that we were trailing at half-time I knew the end.

Corn Nation has more:

4-4, probably on our way to 4-8. It’s going to be a tough, tough, tough season

Was there a loss in this game? If Nebraska won, we’d have won the game and been one more step to a bowl game. That’s a good thing. If we lost, Bill Callahan has driven one more nail in his coffin. I’d rather have a Nebraska win.

and:

Rumors rumors rumors. Bill Callahan will resign tomorrow. Kevin Cosgrove will commit Seppuku. Not going to happen. Resign yourself to living through this season with these guys as your coaches. Why? Because if you’re a coach, you don’t desert your players, and don’t forget that these players came to Nebraska to play for Callahan and Cosgrove. Consider it penance for all the glory years. I can handle that, can’t you?

Callahan is no longer playing to keep his job at Nebraska, but to find another one. While he might conceivable make an excuse that his style just doesn’t mesh with Nebraska, losing to A&M is just ridiculous.

As one former player asked, who would higher him to destroy their football team?