That Biased Media

It strikes me that there was considerably more election-night coverage of Hillary’s “win” of the uncontested Michigan primaries than of Romney’s “win” of the uncontested Wyoming caucuses. This in spite of the fact that Wyoming is actually sending delegates to the Republican convention, while the DNC stripped Michigan of her delegates.

So Clinton’s beauty contest gets equal weight as an actually meaningful primary (the Michigan Republicans), while Mitt’s beauty contest is buried.

A combination of institutionalized liberal bias, combined with more fear of Clinton than of Romney, would seem to be at fault.

Sickening, and it doesn’t bode well for balanced coverage of the general election, either.

Memory Classics

Read several papers fo rhte first week of a seminar on memory and problem solving.

Tulving argues for the existence of three memory systems: procedural, declarative, and episodic. One might call these explicit, implicit, and self-centric memories. I’d question why three systems: two memory systems is a good approximation for dual processing, multiple memory systems is probably closer to the truth… hacking out unique category for self-centered memories seems like special pleading.

Baddeley goes over his “Working Memory” theory, but this appears to be an earlier version, without an episodic buffer.

Miller reviews his research on working memory’s capacity for 5-9 chunks of information at a time, as well as studies by other authors showing about the same thing. Very interesting, but clearly from an earlier wave of cognitive psychology: he views information processing as very litteral – not analogous to, but the same thing as, information processing in a computer.

Craik and Lockhart go over their old “level of processing” perspective, which rejects the long term memory / short term memory, instead focusing on a very large number of “levels” of memory. Their arguments can be reinterpreted as arguing for an arbitrary number of interactions between System 1 (orientation) and System 2 (decision) in cognition.


Baddeley, A. (2004). Working memory. In D.A. Balota & E.J. Marsh (eds.). Cognitive Psychology, New York, NY: Psychology Press, pp. 139-

Craik, F. & Lockhart, R. (2004). Levels of processing: A framework for memory research. In D.A. Balota & E.J. Marsh (eds.). Cognitive Psychology, New York, NY: Psychology Press. pp. 114- 131.

Miller, G. (2004). The magical number seven, plus or minus two: Some limits on our capacity for processing information. In D.A. Balota & E.J. Marsh (eds.). Cognitive Psychology, New York, NY: Psychology Press pp. 2- 18.

Tulving, E. (2004). How many memory systems are there? In D.A. Balota & E.J. Marsh (eds.). Cognitive Psychology, New York, NY: Psychology Press. pp. 362-373.

Identity Politics: Hillary and Barack

Morris, D. (2008). In contrast to Obama, Hillary plays the race card. Real Clear Politics. January 16, 2008. Available online:

Dick Morris is right on:

Frustratingly for the Clintons, Obama had achieved this likely solidarity among black voters without, himself, summoning racial emotions. He had gone out of his way to avoid mentioning race — quite a contrast with Hillary, whose every speech talks about her becoming the first female president. But precisely to distinguish himself from the Jesse Jacksons and Al Sharptons of American politics, Obama resisted any racial appeal or even reference. His rhetoric, argumentation, and presentation was indistinguishable from a skilled white candidate’s.

As I mentioned before, Hillary Clinton’s style is so bad that it will hurt the country.