Tag Archives: bibliography

OODA Alpha, Part XIV: Bibliography

Bibliographical entries starting with “A” are above the fold. The rest are below.

Adler, A. (1956). The Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler. H. L. Ansbacher and R. R. Ansbacher (Eds.). New York: Harper Torchbooks.
Alex, C. (2000). Process and procedure: The tactical decision-making process and decision point tactics. Unpublished master’s thesis, Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, KS.
Alford, J. & Hibbing, J. (2004) .The Origin of Politics: An evolutionary theory of political behavior. Perspectives on Politics, 2(4), 707-723.
Alford, J., Funk, C., & Hibbing, J. (2005) Are Political Orientations Genetically Transmitted? American Political Science Review, 99(2), 154-168.
Anderson, J.R. (1980). Cognitive psychology and its implications. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman.
Andrews, P. (2007). The curricular importance of mathematics: a comparison of English and Hungarian teachers’ espoused beliefs. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 39(3), 317-338.
Arnold, M.L. (2000). Stage, sequence, and sequels: Changing conceptions of morality, post-Kohlberg. Educational Psychology Review, 12, 365-383.
Atran, S., Medin, D., & Ross, N. (2005). The cultural mind: Environmental decision making and cultural modeling within and across populations. Psychological Review, 112, 744-776.


Baddeley, A. (1992, January 31). Working memory. Science, 255, 556–559.
Bargh, J.A (1994). The four horseman of automaticity: Awareness, intention, efficiency, and control in social cognition. In R.S. Wyer, Jr. & T.K. Srull (Eds.), Handbook of Social Cognition (2nd ed. 1040). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Bargh, J. A. (2000). The psychology of the mere. In J. A. Bargh & D. Apsley (Eds.), Unraveling the complexities of social life: A festschrift in honor of Robert B. Zajonc. Washington DC: American Psychological Association.
Baron, A.S. & Banaji, M.R. (2006). The development of implicit attitudes: Evidence of race evaluations from ages 6 to 10 and adulthood. Psychological Science, 17(2), 53-58.
Barrett, H. C., Frederick, D. A., Haselton, M. G. & Kurzban, R. (2006). Can manipulations of cognitive load be used to test evolutionary hypotheses? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91(3), 513-518.
Besnard, D., & Bastien-Toniazzo, M. (1999). Expert error in trouble-shooting: An exploratory study in electronics. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 50, 391–405.
Bjorklund, D.F. & Kipp, K. (2001). Social cognition, inhibition, and theory of mind: The evolution of human intelligence. In R.J. Sternberg & J.C. Kaufman (Eds.), The evolution of intelligence (pp. 27-53). Majwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Bjorklund, D. F., & Pellegrini, A. D. (2002). The origins of human nature: Evolutionary developmental psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Bower, J.L. & Hout, T.M. (1988). Fast-cycle capability for competitive power. Harvard Business Review, 66(6), 110-118.
Boyd, J.R. (1964). Aerial attack study. Maxwell Air Force Base, AL: Air University Library.
Boyd, J.R. (1976a). New conception for air-to-air combat. Retreived October 1, 2007, from Belisarius. Web site: http://www.d-n-i.net/boyd/pdf/fast_transients.pdf.
Boyd, J.R. (1976b). Destruction and creation. Retrived October 1, 2007, from Belisarius. Web Site: http://www.belisarius.com/modern_business_strategy/boyd/destruction/destruction_and_creation.htm.
Boyd, J.R. (1986). Patterns of conflict. Retrieved October 1, 2007, from Defense and the National Interest. Web site http://www.d-n-i.net/boyd/patterns.ppt.
Boyd, J.R. (1987a). Organic design for command and control. Retrieved September 30, 2007, from Belisarius. Web site http://www.belisarius.com/modern_business_strategy/boyd/organic_design/organic_design_frameset.htm.
Boyd, J.R. (1987b). The strategic game of ? and ?. Retrieved September 30, 2007, from Defense and the National Interest. Web site: http://www.d-n-i.net/boyd/strategic_game.pdf.
Boyd, J.R. (1992). The conceptual spiral. Retrieved October 1, 2007, from Belisarius. Web site: http://www.d-n-i.net/boyd/pdf/intro.pdf.
Boyd, J.R. (1995). The essence of winning and losing. Retrived October 1, 2007, from Belisarius. Web site: http://www.belisarius.com/modern_business_strategy/boyd/essence/eowl_frameset.htm.
Boyd, R., Bowles, S., Gintis, H., & Peter, R. (2003). The evolution of altruistic punishment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1000: 3531.
Bruner, J. S. (1961). The art of discovery. Harvard Educational Review, 31, 21–32.
Brunken, R., Plass, J. L., and Leutner, D. (2003). Direct measurement of cognitive load in multimedia learning. Educational Psychologist, 38, 53–62.
Bryant, D.J. (2006). Rethinking OODA: Toward a modern cognitive framework of command decision making. Military Psychology, 18(3), 183-206.

Carter, E.W. & Hughes, C. (2005). Increasing social interaction among adolescents with intellectual disabilities and their general education peers: Effective interventions. Research & Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 30(4), 179-193.
Chaiken, S. & Trope, Y. (1999). Dual-process theories in social psychology. New York: Guilford Press.
Chandler, P. & Sweller, J. (1991). Cognitive load theory and the format of instruction. Cognition and Instruction, 8, 293-332.
Chase, W.G. & Simon, H.A. (1973) Perception in chess. Cognitive Psychology 4, 55–81.
Chomsky, N. (1957). Syntactic structures. The Hague: Mouton.
Chomsky, N. (1965). Aspects of a theory of syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Cook, T. M., Leedom, D. K., Grynovicki, J. O., & Golden, M. G. (2000). Cognitive representativeness of battlespace complexity: Six fundamental variables of combat. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: Army Research Laboratory, Human Research and Engineering Directorate.
Copland, R.J., Coleman, B., & Rubin, K.H. (1998). Shyness and little blue boys: Iris pigmentation, gender, and social wariness in preschoolers. Developmental Psychobiology, 32(1), 37-44.
Coran, R. (2002). Boyd: The figher pilot who changed the art of war. New York: Little, Brown, and Company.
Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1996). Creativity: Flow and the psychology of discovery and invention. New York: Harper Collins.

Danchev, A. (1999). Liddell Hart and the indirect approach. Review of International Studies, 25, 29-48.
Darke, P.R. (2007). The defensive consumer: Advertising deception, defensive processing, and distrust. Journal of Marketing Research, 44(1), 114-127.
Das, N.G. & Das, S.K. (2002). An approach to pharmaceutics course development as the profession changes in the 21st century. Pharmacy Education, 1, 159-171.
deCharms, R. (1968). Personal causation: the internal affective determinants of behavior. New York: Academic.
Dediu, D. & Ladd, D.R. (2007). Linguistic tone is related to the population frequency of the adaptive haplogroups of two brain size genes, ASPM and Microcephalin. PNAS, 104(26), 10944-10949.
De Groot, A. (1965) Thought and Choice in Chess. The Hague, Netherlands: Mouton.
Dean, R.S. (1984). Cerebral laterality effects in the dual processing of prose. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 9(4), 384-393.
Deary, I.J., Spinath, F.M., & Bates, T.C. (2006). Genetics of intelligence. European Journal of Human Genetics, 14, 690-700.

DeSteno, D., Bartlett, M., Braverman, J., & Salovey, P. (2002). Sex differences in jealousy: Evolutionary mechanism or artifact of measurement? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 1103-1116.
Department of National Defence. (1996). Land force: Command (Report No. B-GL-300-003/FP-000). Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Author.
Dickson, P.R. (1992). Toward a general theory of competitive rationality. Journal of Marketing, 56(1), 69-83.
Ding, Y., Chi, H.-C., Grady, D.L., Morishima, A., Kidd, J.R., et al. (2002). Evidence of positive selection acting at the human dopamine receptor D4 gene locus. PNAS, 99(1) 309-314.
Dole, J. A.,&Sinatra, G.M. (1998). Reconceptualizing change in the cognitive construction of knowledge. Educational Psychologist, 33(2/3), 109–128.
Doll, B., S. Song, and E. Siemens. (2003). Classroom Ecologies That Support or Discourage Bullying.” (pp. 161-170) in D. Espelage and S. Swearer (Eds.), Bullying in American Schools. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates
Doll, B., Zucker, S., & Brehm, K. (2004.) Resilient classrooms: Creating healthy environments for learning. A text in the series, Practical Interventions in Schools. New York: Guilford Publications.
Doyle, W., & Redwine, J. M. (1974). Effect of intent-action discrepancy and student performance feedback on teacher behavior change. Journal of Educational Psychology, 66(5), 750-755. Dunker, K.A. (1926). A qualitative (experimental and theoretical) study of productive thinking (solving of comprehensible problems). Journal of Genetic Psychology, 33, 642-708.
Dunham, Y., Baron, A. S., & Banaji, M. R. (2006). From American City to Japanese Village: A cross-cultural investigation of implicit race attitudes. Child Development, 77, 1268-1281.

Eisner, E.W. (1965). Instruction, teaching, and learning: An attempt at differentiation. The Elementary School Journal, 65(3), 115-119.
Erickson, E.H. (1968). Identity: Youth and crisis. New York: Norton.
Ericsson, K. A., Krampe, R. T., & Tesch-Romer, C. (1993). The role of deliberate practice in the acquisition of expert performance. Psychological Review, 100, 363–406.
Ericsson, K. A., & Lehmann, A. C. (1996). Expert and exceptional performance: Maximal adaptation to task constraints. Annual Review of Psychology, 47, 273–305.
Evans, J. St. B.T. & Over, D.E. (1996). Rationality and reasoning. New York: Psychology Press.
Evans, J. St. B.T., Handley, S.H., & Harper, C.N.J. (2001). Necessity, possibility, and belief: A study of syllogistic reasoning. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A, 54(3), 935-958.
Evans, J. St. B.T. (2003). In two minds: Dual-process accounts of reasoning. TRENDS in Cognitive Science, 17(10), 454-469.
Feldon, D.F. (2007a). The implications of research on expertise for curriculum and pedagogy. Educational Psychology Review, 19, 91-110.
Feldon, D.F. (2007b). Cognitive load and classroom teaching: The double edged sword of automaticity. Educational Psychologist, 42(3), 123-137.
Freedman, D. G., & Freedman, N. C. (1969). Behavioral differences between Chinese- American and European-American newborns. Nature, 224, 1227
Frensch, P.A. & Sternberg, R.J. (1989). Expertise and intelligent issues: When is it worse to know better? In R.J. Sternberg (Ed.), Advances in the psychology of human intelligence (Vol 5. 157-188). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Freud, S. (1959). Creative writers and day-dreaming. In J. Strachey (Ed.), Standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 9, pp. 143-153). London: Hogarth Press. (Original work published 1908).

Fadok, D.S., Boyd, J., and Warden, J. (1995). Air Power’s Quest for Strategic Paralysis. Maxwell Air Force Base AL: Air University Press.
Fadok, D.S. (1997). John Boyd and John Warden: Air power’s question for strategic paralysis. Maxwell Air Force Base AL: Air University Press. In P. Meilinger (Ed.), The paths to Heaven. Maxwell AFB: Air University Press.

Gable, R.A. & Van Acker, R. (2004). Sometimes, practice makes imperfect: Overcoming the aromaticity of challenging behavior by linking intervention to thoughts, feelings, and actions. Education and Treatment of Children, 27(4), 476-489.
Gick, M. L., & Holyoak, K. J. (1980). Analogical problem solving. Cognitive Psychology, 12, 306-355.
Gilinsky, A.S. & Judd, B.B. (1994). Working memory and bias in reasoning across the life-span. Psychology of Aging, 9, 356-371.
Gold, L.J., Darley, J.M., Hilton, J.L., & Zanna, M.P. (1984). Children’s perceptions of procedural justice. Child Development, 55(5), 1752-1759.
Gray, C. (1999). Modern strategy. New York: Oxford University Press.
Greenwald, A. G., McGhee, D. E., & Schwartz, J. L. K. (1998). Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition: The Implicit Association Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1464–1480.
Gregoire, M. (2003). Is it a challenge or a threat? A dual-process model of teachers’ cognition and appraisal process during conceptual change. Educational Psychology Review, 15, 117–155.
Graves, J. L., Jr. (2001). The emperor’s new clothes: Biological theories of race at the millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Hammond, G.T. (2001). The mind of war: John Boyd and American security. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books.
Harlow, H. F. (1953). Motivation as a factor in the acquisition of new responses. In Current theory and research on motivation (pp. 24–49). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Harris, K.R., Graham, S., Mason, L.H., & Saddler, B. (2002). Developing self-regulated writers. Theory into Practice, 41(2), 110-115.
Harris, K.R., Friedlander, B.D., Saddler, B., Frizzelle, R., & Graham, S. (2005). Self-monitoring of attention versus self-monitoring of academic performance: Effects among students with ADHD in the general education classroom. The Journal of Special Education, 39(3), 145-156.
Hart, B.H.L. (1991). Strategy (2nd revised edition). New York: Plume. (Original published in 1941).
Hatemi, P.K., Medland, S.E., Morley, K.I., Heath, A.C., & Martin, N.G. (2007). The genetics of voting: An Australian twin study. Behavior Genetics, 37(3), 435-448.
Henrich, J., Boyd, R., Bowles, S., Camerer, C., Fehr, E., Gintis, H., & McElreath, R. (2001). In search of homo economicus: Behavioral experiments in 15 small-scale societies. The American Economic Review, 91(2), 73-78.
Hibbing, J. & Alford, J.. (2004). Accepting Authoritative Decisions: Humans as Wary Cooperators. American Journal of Political Science, 48(1), 62-76.
Hibbing, J.R. & Thiess-Morse, E. (2001). Process preferences and American politics: What the people want the government to be. American Political Science Review, 95(1), 145-153.
Husser, J., Blatter, L.A., & Lipsius, S.L. (2000). Intracellular Ca2+ release contributes to automaticity in cat atrial pacemaker cells. The Journal of Physiology, 524(2), 415-422.
Hymphreys, M.S., Dennis, S., Chalmers, K.A., & Finnigan, S. (2000). Dual processes in recognition: Does a focus on measurement operations provide a sufficient foundation. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 7(4), 593-603.

Igo, L.B., Kiewra, K.A., & Bruning,R.H. (2004). Removing the snair in the pair: Using pictures to learn confusing word pairs. Journal of Experimental Education, 72, 162-178
Igo, L.B., Kiewra, K.A., Zumbrunn, S.K., & Kirschbaum, A.L. (2007). How best to remove the snair in the pair: Construction and cognitive load hypothesis. The Journal of Experimental Education, 75(2), 130-144.
Iles, G. (1906). Inventors at work: With chapters on discovery. New York: Doubleday, Page, & Company.

Jung-Beeman M, Bowden EM, Haberman J, Frymiare JL, Arambel-Liu S, et al. (2004) Neural Activity When People Solve Verbal Problems with Insight. PLoS Biol 2(4): e97 doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0020097.

Kalyuga, S., Chandler, P., & Sweller, J. (1998). Levels of varying expertise and instructional design. Human Factors, 40, 1-17.
Kalyuga, S., Chandler, P., & Sweller, J. (1999). Managing split-attention and redundancy in multimedia instruction. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 13, 351-371.
Kalyuga, S., Chandler, P., & Sweller, J. (2000). Incorporating learner experience into the design of multimedia instruction. Journal of Educational Psychology, 92(1), 126-136.
Kalyuga, S., Ayres, P., Chandler, P., & Sweller, J. (2003). The expertise reversal effect. Educational Psychologist, 38, 23-33.
Kalyuga, S., & Sweller, J. (2005). Rapid dynamic assessment of expertise to improve the efficiency of adaptive e-learning. Educational Technology Research and Development, 53(3), 83-93.
Karmiloff-Smith, A., Scerif, G. & Thomas, M. (2002). Different approaches to relating genotype to phenotype in developmental disorders. Developmental Psychobiology, 40(3), 311-322.
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Karmiloff-Smith, A. (2007). Atypical epigenesis. Developmental Science, 10(1), 84-88.
Kasser, T., & Ryan, R. M. (1993). A dark side of the American dream: Correlates of financial success as a central life aspiration. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 410–422.
Kasser, T., & Ryan, R.M. (1996). Further examining the American dream: Differential correlates of intrinsic and extrinsic goals. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, 280–287.
Kiewra, K.A. (1985). Students’ note-taking behaviors and the efficacy of providing the instructor’s notes for review. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 10(4), 378-386.
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Kirschner, P.A., Sweller, J., Clark, R.E. (2006). Why minimal guidance during instruction does not work: An analysis of the failure of constructivist, discovery, problem-based, experiental, and inquiry-based teaching.
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Kohlberg, L. (1981). The philosophy of moral development. San Francisco: Harper & Row.
Kohlberg, L. (1984). The psychology of moral development. San Francisco: Harper & Row.
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Kuhlmann, H. (2005). Living Walden Two: B.F. Skinner’s behaviorist utopia and experimental communities. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press.
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Moshman, D. (1995b). The construction of moral rationality. Human Development, 38, 265-281.
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Moshman, D. (2005). Adolescent psychological development: Rationality, morality, and identity (2nd edition). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
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Nagl, J.A. (2005). Learning to eat soup with a knife: Counterinsurgency lessons from Malaya to Vietnam. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers
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Oaksford, M. & Chater, N. (2001). The probabilistic approach to human reasoning. Trends in Cognitive Science, 5(8), 349-357.
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OODA Alpha, a tdaxp series
1. Abstract
2. Dual Processing Systems
3. The OODA Loop
4. Decision
5. Orientation
6. A Theory of Mind
7. Reorientation
8. Disorientation
9. Education
10. Instruction
11. Student Interaction
12. Creativity
13. Conclusion
14. Bibliography

Adolescent Psychological Development, Part V: Bibliography

The works cited in the four reaction papers to Moshman’s Adolescent Psychological Development appear below. While the bibliography to my previous series, Cognitive Development, ran five single-spaced pages in my word processor, this document only takes up one. The A’s appear above the fold. The rest appear below.

Alford, J., Funk, C., & Hibbing, J. (2005) Are Political Orientations Genetically Transmitted? American Political Science Review, 99(2), 154-168.
Ashburn-Nardo, L., Knowles, M.L., & Monteith, M.J. (2003). Black Americans’ implicit racial associations and their implications for intergroup judgement. Social Cognition, 21(1), 61-87.


Camerer, C., Loewenstein, G., & Prelec, D. (2005). Neuroeconomics: How neuroscience can inform economics. Journal of Economic Literature, 43(1), 9-64.
Corman, R. (2004). Boyd: The fighter pilot who changed the art of war. New York: Back Bay Books.
Craemer, T. (2006). Evolutionary model of racial attitude formation: Socially shared and idiosyncratic racial attitudes. Paper presented at the Hendricks Conference on Biology, Evolution, and Political Behavior.

Fadok, D.S., Boyd, J., & Warden, J. (1995). Air power’s quest for strategic paralysis. Maxwell Air Force Base AL: Air University Press

Habermas, J. (1990). Moral consciousness and communicative action. Cambridge, MA: HIT Press.
Hatemi, P.K., Medland, S.E., Morley, K.I., Heath, A.C., & Martin, N.G. (2007). The genetics of voting: An Australian twin study. Behavioral Genetics, 37(3), 435-448.
Maalouf, A. (2001). In the name of identity: Violence and the need to belong. New York: Arcade.

Morris, J.P., Squires, N.K., Taber, C.S., & Lodge, M. (2003). Activation of political attitudes: A psychophysiological examination of the hot cognition process. Political Psychology, 24(4), 727-745.
Moshman, David. (2005). Adolescent Psychological Development (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Phinney, J.S., Cantu, C.L., & Kurtz, D.A. (1997). Ethnic and American identity as predictors of self-esteem among African American, Latino, and White adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 26, 165-185.
Pirsig, R.M. (1975). Zen and the art of motorcycle maintenance. New York: Bantam Books.

Schwartz, D.L. (1995). The Emergence of Abstract Representations in Dyad Problem Solving. The Journal of the Learning Sciences, 4, 321-354.

Taylor, M.C. & Walsh, E.J. (1979). Explanations of black self-esteem. Some empirical tests. Social Psychology Quarterly, 42(3), 242-253.

von Glasersfeld, E. (1995). A Constructivist Approach to Teaching. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Wildon, T.D., Lisle, D.J., Schooler, J.W., Hodges, S.D., Klaaren, K.J., LaFleur, S.J. (1993). Introspecting about reasons can reduce post-choice satisfaction. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 19(3), 331-339.
Wilson, T., Lindsey, S., & Schooler, T. (2000). A model of dual attitudes. Psychological Review, 107(1), 101-126.
Wilson, T.D. & Schooler, J.W. (1991). Thinking too much: introspection can reduce the quality of preferences and decisions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60(2): 181–192.
Wolford, G., Miller, M.B., & Gazzaniga, M. (2000). The left hemisphere’s role in hypothesis formation. Journal of Neuroscience, 20(6), 1-4.


Adolescent Psychological Development, a tdaxp series
1. Cognitive Development
2. Moral Development
3. Identity Formation
4. Advanced Psychological Development
5. Bibliography

Cognitive Development, Part X: Bibliography


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Rogoff, B. (1988). Cognition as a collaborative process. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) & D. Kuh & R.S. Siegler (Vol. Eds.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 2. Cognition, perception, and language(5thed.). New York: Wiley.

Sagan, C. (1997). The demon-haunted world: Science as a candle in the dark. New York: Ballantine Books.
Saxe, G. B. (1981). Body parts as numerals: A developmental analysis of numeration among the Oksapmin in Papua New Guinea. Child Development, 52, 306-316.
Saxe, G. B. (1982). Developing forms of arithmetical thought among the Oksapmin of Papua New Guindea. Developmental Psychology, 18, 583-594.
Siegler, R.S. (1991b). In young children’s counting, procedures precede principles. Educational Psychology Review, 3, 127-135.
Slater, A., Mattock, A., & Brown, E. (1990). Size constancy at birth: Newborn infants’ responses to retinal and real size. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 49, 314-322
Sundet, J.M., Barlaug, D.G., & Torjussen, T.M. (2004). The end of the Flynn Effect? Intelligence, 32(4), 349-362.

Tang, H., Choudhry, S., Mei, R., Morgan, M., Rodriguez-Clinton, W., Gonzalez-Burchard, E., Risch, N.J. (2007). Recent genetic selection in the ancestral admixture of Puerto Ricans. The American Journal of Human Genetics, 81, electronically published August 1, 2007.
tdaxp (2007). In search of the wary student. Unpublished manuscript.
tdaxp & Gleason, M. (2006). The creative anarchy. Unpublished manuscript.
tdaxp & Johnson, C.J. (2006). In search of the wary guerrilla: Political aspects of extreme punishers. Unpublished manuscript.
Treiber, F., & Wilcox, S. (1984). Discrimination of number by infants. Infant Behavior and Development, 7, 93-100.

von Lubitz, D.K.J.E., Carrasco, B., Levine, H., & Richir, S. (2004). Medical readiness in the context of operations other than war: Development of first responders readiness using OODA-Loop thinking and advanced distributed interactive simulation technology. Emispher 2004, 1-16.

Wade, N. (2006). Before the dawn: Recovering the lost history of our ancestors. New York, NY: Penguin Press.
Weisberg, Robert W. (1993). Creativity: Beyond the Myth of Genius. W.H. Freeman & Company: New York, NY.


Cognitive Development, a tdaxp series
1. Introduction
2. Infant Perception
3. Infant Cognition
4. Representation and Concepts
5. Reasoning and Problem Solving
6. Social Cognition
7. Memory
8. Language
9. Questions and Problems
10. Bibliography

The Wary Student, Part 11: Bibliography

Works alphabetically beginning with “A” above the fold. Everyone else below:

Alford, J. & Hibbing, J. (2004) .The Origin of Politics: An Evolutionary Theory of Political Behavior. Perspectives on Politics, 2(4), 707-723.
Alford, J. , & Hibbing, J. (2006a). The Neural Basis of Representative Democracy. Paper presented at the Hendricks Conference on Biology, Evolution, and Political Behavior.
Alford, J., & Hibbing, J. (2006b). Could Political Attitudes Be Shaped by Evolution Working Through Genes? Tidsskriftet Politik: August 2006 edition.
Ariely, D. (2000). Controlling the information flow: Effects on consumer’s decision making and preferences. The Journal of Consumer Research, 27(2), 233-248.


Bannert, M. (2002). Managing cognitive load – recent trends in cognitive load theory. Learning and Instruction, 12, 139-146.
Barrett, H. C., Frederick, D. A., Haselton, M. G. & Kurzban, R. (2006). Can manipulations of cognitive load be used to test evolutionary hypotheses? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91(3), 513-518.
Bazerman, M.H., White, S.B., & Lowenstein, G.F. (1995). Perceptions of fairness in interpersonal and individual choice situations. Current Directions in Psychological Sciences, 4(2), 39-43.
Benjamin, D. J., Brown, S. A., & Shapiro, J. M. (2006). Who is ‘behavioral’? Cognitive ability and anomalous preferences. Unpublished manuscript. Available online: http://www.dklevine.com/archive/refs4122247000000001334.pdf.
Benton, S.L., Kiewra, K.A., Whitfil, J.M., & Dennison, R. (1993). Encoding and external-storage effects on writing processes. Journal of Educational Psychology, 85(2), 267-280.
Bethwaite, J. & Tompkinson, P. (1996). The ultimatum game and non-selfish utility functions. Journal of Economic Psychology, 17(2), 259-271.
Bowles, S. & Gintis, H. (1999). Is equality passe? Boston Review, 23(6). Retrieved online http://bostonreview.net/BR23.6/bowles.html.
Bruning, R. (2004). Technological contexts for cognitive growth. Chapter 10 in R. Bruning, G. Schraw, M. Norby, & R. Ronning. Cognitive psychology and instruction (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill Prentice Hall.
Bjorklund, D. F., & Pellegrini, A. D. (2002). The origins of human nature: Evolutionary developmental psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Carter, R.M., Hofstotter, C., Tsuchiya, N., & Koch, Christof. (2003). Working memory and fear conditioning. PNAS, 100(3), 1399-1404.
Chandler, P. & Sweller, J. (1991). Cognitive load theory and the format of instruction. Cognition and Instruction, 8(4), 293-332.
Cramton, C.D. (2001). The mutual knowledge problem and its consequence for dispersed collaboration. Organization Science, 12(3), 346-371.
Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1996). Creativity: Flow and the psychology of discovery and invention. HarperCollins: New York.
Copeland, W.D. (1980). Teaching-learning behaviors and the demands of the classroom environment. The Elementary School Journal, 80(4), 163-177.
Cosmides, L., & Tooby, J. (2004). Knowing thyself: The evolutionary psychology of moral reasoning and moral sentiments. In R. E. Freeman & P. Werhane (Eds.), Business, science, and ethics: The Ruffin series (No. 4, pp. 93–128). Charlottesville, VA: Society for Business Ethics.

Dempsey, M.S., PytlikZillig, L.M., & Bruning, R. (2005). Building writing assessment skills using web-based cognitive support features, in Lisa M. PytlikZillig, Mary Bodvarrson, & Roger Bruning, Eds. (pp. 83-106). Technology-based education: Brining researchers and practitioners together. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.
DeSteno, D., Bartlett, M., Braverman, J., & Salovey, P. (2002). Sex differences in jealousy: Evolutionary mechanism or artifact of measurement? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 1103-1116.
Dhar, R., Nowlis, S.M., & Sherman, S.J. (2000). Trying hard or hardly trying: An analysis of context effects in choice. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 9(4), 189-200.
Dillenbourg, P. & Schneider, D. (1995). Mediating the mechanisms which make collaborative learning sometimes effective. International Journal of Educational Telecommunications, 1(2/3), 131-146.
Dillenbourg, P. (1999) What do you mean by collaborative learning?. In P. Dillenbourg (Ed) Collaborative-learning: Cognitive and Computational Approaches. (pp.1-19). Oxford: Elsevier.
Doyle, W. (1979). Classroom effects. Theory into Practice, 18(3), 138-144.
Drolet, A. & Luce, M.F. (2004). The rationalizing effects of cognitive load on emotion-based trade-off avoidance. Journal of Consumer Research, 31, 63-77.

Fiske, S.T. (2000). Stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination at the seam between the centuries: Evolution, culture, mind, and brain. European Journal of Social Psychology, 30(3), 299-322.
Friedrich, H.F., Hron, A., & Hesse, F.W. (2001). A framework for designing and evaluating virtual seminars. European Journal of Education, 36(2), 157-174.

Gardner, H. (1998). Extraordinary minds. Basic Books: New York, NY.
Gerjets, P., Scheiter, K., & Catrabone, R. (2004). Designing instructional examples to reduce intrinsic cognitive load: Moral versus modular presentation of solution procedures. Instructional Science, 32, 33-58.
Gold, L.J., Darley, J.M., Hilton, J.L., & Zanna, M.P. (1984). Children’s perceptions of procedural justice. Child Development, 55(5), 1752-1759.
Gowdy, J., Iorgulescu, R., & Onyeiwu, S. (2003). Fairness and retaliation in a rural Nigerian village. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 52(4), 469-479.

Harper, G.F., Guidubaldi, J., & Kehle, T.J. (1978). Is academic achievement related to classroom behavior? The Elementary School Journal, 78(3), 202-207.
Harsanyi, J.C. (1961). On the Rationality Postulates Underlying the Theory of Cooperative Games. The Journal of Conflict Resolution 5(2): 179-196.
Henrich, J., et al. (2005). ‘Economic man’ in cross-cultural perspective: Behavioral experiments in 15 small-scale societies.. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 28(6), 795-855.
Hewstone, M., Hantzi, A., & Johnston, L. (1991). Social categorization and person memory: The pervasiveness of race as an organizing principle. European Journal of Social Psychology, 21(6), 517-528.
Hibbing, J. & Alford, J.. (2004). Accepting Authoritative Decisions: Humans as Wary Cooperators. American Journal of Political Science, 48(1), 62-76.
Hibbing, J.R. & Thiess-Morse, E. (2001). Process preferences and American politics: What the people want the government to be. American Political Science Review, 95(1), 145-153.
Horn, C.A. PytlikZillig, L.M., Bruning, R., & Kauffman, D.F. (2003). At risk in cyberspace, in Roger Bruning, Christy A. Horn, & Lisa M. PytlikZillig, Eds. (pp. 129-152). Web-based learning: What do we know? Where do we go? Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.
Hron, A. & Friedrich, H.F. (2003). A review of web-based collaborative learning: factors beyond technology. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 19, 70-79.

Igo, L.B., Bruning, R., McCrudden, M.T., & Kauffman, D.F. (2003). InfoGatherer: A tool for gathering and organizing information from the web, in Roger Bruning, Christy A. Horn, & Lisa M. PytlikZillig, Eds. (pp. 57-78). Web-based learning: What do we know? Where do we go? Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.
Igo, L.B., Bruning, R., & McCrudden, M.T. (2005a). Exploring differences in students’ copy-and-paste decision making and processing. A mixed-methods study. Journal of Educational Psychology, 97(1), 103-116.
Igo, L.B., Bruning, R., & McCrudden, M.T. (2005b). Encoding disruption associated with copy and paste note taking, in Lisa M. PutlikZillig, Mary Bodvarrson, & Roger Bruning, Eds. (pp. 107-120). Technology-based education: Brining researchers and practitioners together. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

Kahneman, D. (2003). A perspective on judgment and choice: Mapping bounded rationality. American Psychologist, 58(9), 697-720.
Kalyuga, S., Chandler, P., & Sweller, J. (2000). Incorporating learner experience into the design of multimedia instruction. Journal of Educational Psychology, 92(1), 126-136.
Kay, A.C., Wheeler, S.C., Bargh, J.A., & Ross, L. (2004). Material priming: The influence of mundane physical objects on situational construal and competitive behavioral choice. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 95(1), 83-96.
Kiewra, K.. (1994). A Slice of Advice. Educational Researcher, 23(3), 31-33.
Klein, S.S. (1971). Student influence on teacher behavior. American Educational Research Journal, 8(3), 403-421.
Knowles, E.D., Morris, M.W., Chiu, C., & Hong, Y. (2001). Culture and the process of person perception: Evidence for automaticity among East Asians in correcting for situational influences on behavior. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27(10), 1344-1356.
Kurzban, R., Tooby, J., & Cosmides, L. (2001). Can race be erased? Coalitional computation and social categorization. PNAS 98(26):15387-15392.

Larrick, R.P. & Blount, S. (1997). The claiming effect: Why players are more generous in social dilemmas than in ultimatum games. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72(4), 810-825.
Lehman, S., Bruning, R., & Horn, C.A. (2003). ThinkAboutIt! A web-based tool for improving critical thinking, in Roger Bruning, Christy A. Horn, & Lisa M. PytlikZillig, Eds. (pp. 79-104). Web-based learning: What do we know? Where do we go? Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.
Lieberman, M. D., Gaunt, R., Gilbert, D. T., & Trope, Y. (2002). Reflection and reflexion: A social cognitive neuroscience approach to attributional inference. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 34, 199-249.
Lusk, J.L., & Hudson, D. (2004). Effects of monitor-subject cheap talk on ultimatum game offers. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 54(3), 439-443.

Mann, B.L. (2005). Testing the validity of Post and Vote Web-based peer assessment, In David Williams. Scott Howell and Mary Hricko (Eds.). Online Assessment, Measurement and Evaluation: Emerging Practices (pp. 132-153) Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing.
Mayer, R. E., & Moreno, R. (2003). Nine ways to reduce cognitive load in learning. In Bruning, C. Horn, and L. PytlikZillig (Eds). Web-based learning: What do we know? Where do we go? (pp. 23-44). Greenwich, CN: Information Age Publishing.
Miller, G.A. (1956). The magical number seven, plus or minus two: Some limits on our capacity for processing information. Psychology Review, 101(2), 343-352.
Moreno, R., & Mayer, R.E. (2000). A coherence effect in multimedia learning: The case for minimizing irrelevant sounds in the design of multimedia instructional messages. Journal of Educational Psychology, 92, 117-125.
Moshman, David. (2005). Adolescent Psychological Development (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Mwangi, W. & Sweller, J. (1998). Learning to solve compare word problems: The effect of example format and generating self-explanations. Cognition and Instruction, 16(2), 173-199.

Nowak, M.A., Page, K.M., & Sigmund, K. (2000). Fairness versus reason in the ultimatum game. Science, 289(5485), 1772-1775.

Oxoby, R.J. (2001). A monopoly classroom experiment. The Journal of Economic Education, 32(2), 160-168.
Paas, F.G.W.C. & Kester, L. (2006). Learner and information characteristics in the design of powerful learning environments. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 20(3), 281-285.

Paas, F.G.W.C. & van Merrienboer, J.J.G. (1994). Instructional control of cognitive load in the training of complex cognitive tasks. Educational Psychology Review, 6(4), 351-371,
Paulsel, M.L. & Chory-Assad, R.M. (2005). Perceptions of instructor interactional justice as a predictor of student resistance. Communication Research Reports, 22(4), 283-291.
PytlikZillig, L.M., Horn, C.A., & White, M.J. (2003). Teachers, technology, and students at risk, in Roger Bruning, Christy A. Horn, & Lisa M. PytlikZillig, Eds. (pp. 57-78). Web-based learning: What do we know? Where do we go? Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.
PytlikZillig, L.M., Bruning, R., Horn, C.A., & Bodvarsson, M. (2005). Using technology to implement case studies in preservice teacher education courses, in Lisa M. PutlikZillig, Mary Bodvarrson, & Roger Bruning, Eds. (pp. 39-62). Technology-based education: Brining researchers and practitioners together. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

Raghubir, P. & Krishna, A. (1996). As the crow flies: Bias in consumers’ map-based distance judgements. The Journal of Consumer Research, 23(1), 26-39.
Robert, C. & Carnevale, P.J. (1997). Group choice in ultimatum bargaining. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 72(2), 256-279.
Ronen, M. & Langley, D. (2004). Scaffolding complex tasks by open online submission: emerging patterns and profiles. JALN, 8(4), 39-61.

Shiv, B. & Fedorikhin, A. (2002). Spontaneous versus controlled influences of stimulus-based affect on choice behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 87(2), 342-370.
Slonim, R. & Roth, A.E. (1998). Learning in high stakes ultimatum games: An experiment in the Slovak Republic. Econometrica, 66(3), 569-596.
Smith, K. (2006) Representational altruism: The wary cooperator as authoritative decision maker. American Journal of Political Science, 50(4), 1013-1022.
Sonnenschein, S. (1982). The effects of redundant communications on listeners. When more is less. Child Development, 53(3), 717-729.
Stanley, T.D. & Tran, U. (1998). Economic students need not be greedy: Fairness and the ultimatum game. Journal of Socio-Economics, 27(6), 657-664.
Stevenson, D.L. (1991). Deviant students as a collective resource in classroom control. Sociology of Education, 64(2), 127-133.
Stodder, J. (1998). Experimental moralities: Ethics in classroom experiments. The Journal of Economics Education, 29(2), 127-138.
Sweller, J. (1988). Cognitive load during problem solving: Effects on learning. Cognitive Science, 12, 257-285.
Sweller, J. & Chandler, P. (1991). Evidence for Cognitive Load Theory. Cognition and Instruction, 8(4), 351-362.
Sweller, J. & Chandler, P. (1994). Why some material is difficult to learn. Cognition and Instruction, 12(3), 185-233.
Sweller, J., van Merrienboer, J.J.G., & Paas, F.G.W.C. (1998). Cognitive architecture and instructional design. Educational Psychology Review, 10(3), 251-296.
Sweller, J. (2004). Instruction design consequences of an analogy between evolution by natural selection and human cognitive architecture. Instructional Science, 32(1-2), 9-31.
Sweller, J. (2006). Discussion of ‘emerging topics in cognitive load research: Using learner and information characteristics in the design of powerful learning environments.’ Applied Cognitive Psychology 20(3), 353-357.

Tang, T.L., Tang, D.S., & Tang, C.S. (2000). Factors related to university president’s pay: An examination of private colleges and universities. Higher Education, 39(4), 393-415.
tdaxp & Johnson, C.J. (2007). In search of the wary guerrilla: Political aspects of extreme punishers. Unpublished manuscript.
Titsworth, B.S., & Kiewra, K.A. (2004). Spoken organizational lecture cues and student notetaking as facilitators of student learning. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 29(4), 447-461.
Todd, P.A. & Benbasat, I. (1994). The influence of decision aids on choice strategies under conditions of high cognitive load. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, 24(4), 537-541.
Tooby, J. & Cosmides, L. (2005). Conceptual foundations of evolutionary psychology, in The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology (David M. Buss, Ed.). New York: Wiley.
van Merrienboer, J.J.G. & Sweller, J. (2005). Cognitive load theory and complex learning: Recent developments and future directions. Educational Psychology Review, 17(2), 147-177.

Vrij, A., Akehurst, L., & Knight, S. (2006). Police officers’, social workers’, teachers’ and the general public’s beliefs about deception in children, adolescents and adults. Legal and Crminological Psychology, 11(2), 297-312.
Vrij, A., Semin, G.R., & Bull, R. (1996). Insight into behavior displayed during deception. Human Communication Research, 22(4), 544-562.

Ward, A. & Mann, T. (2000). Don’t mind if I do: Disinhibited eating under cognitive load. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78(4), 753-763.
Ward, M., & Sweller, J. (1990). Structuring effective worked examples. Cognition and Instruction, 7(1), 1-39.
Weisberg, Robert W. (1993). Creativity: Beyond the Myth of Genius. W.H. Freeman & Company: New York, NY.


The Wary Student, a tdaxp research project
1. Abstract
2. Cognitive Load
3. Cooperative Behavior
4. Method
5. The Experiments
6. Hypotheses
7. Main-Effect Results
8. Interaction-Effect Results
9. Discussion
10. Future Research
11. Bibliography

In Search Of… The Wary Student, Part V: Bibliography

Pack your bags, look to the stars, and prepare to go in search of…

… THE WARY STUDENT.

According to John of Salisbury (via Wikipedia)

“Bernard of Chartres used to say that we are like dwarfs on the shoulders of giants, so that we can see more than they, and things at a greater distance, not by virtue of any sharpness on sight on our part, or any physical distinction, but because we are carried high and raised up by their giant size.”

The same thought was parroted by Niccolo Machiavelli, though perhaps more to please his intended audience:

those who make maps of countries place themselves low down in the plains to study the character of mountains and elevated lands

But regardless of motive, there is truth in this. Science is a collective enterprise, and we would be nowhere without those who have gone before. A list of works cited just in this series is below. A fuller reading list for issues concerning punitive alturism is available in The Wary Guerrilla, Part ?: Bibliography.


Alford, J. & Hibbing, J. (2004) .The Origin of Politics: An Evolutionary Theory of Political Behavior. Perspectives on Politics, 2(4), 707-723.
Alford, J. , & Hibbing, J. (2006a). The Neural Basis of Representative Democracy. Paper presented at the Hendricks Conference on Biology, Evolution, and Political Behavior.
Andreoni, J., Castillo, M. & Petrie, R. (2003). What do bargainers’ preferences look like? Experiments with a convex ultimatum game. The American Economic Review, 93(3), 672-685.
Chi, M.T.H., de Leeuw, N., Chui, M, & LaVancher, C. (1994). Eliciting self-explanations improves understanding. Cognitive Science, 18, 439-477.
de Leeuw, N., & Chi, M.T.H. (2003). Self-explanation: Enriching a situation model or repairing a domain model. Intentional conceptual change. Ed. G. M. Sinatra; P. R. Pintrich Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 347-374.
Dempsey, M.S., PytlikZillig, L.M., & Bruning, R. (2005). Building writing assessment skills using web-based cognitive support features, in Lisa M. PutlikZillig, Mary Bodvarrson, & Roger Bruning, Eds. (pp. 83-106). Technology-based education: Brining researchers and practitioners together. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.
Dixon, P. (1991). From research the theory to practice: Commentary on Chandler and Sweller. Cognition and Instruction, 8(4), 343-350.
Fulwider, J. & Saferstein, R. (2007). In press.
Goldman, S.R. (1991). On the derivation of instructional applications from cognitive theories: commentary on Chandler and Sweller. Cognition and Instruction, 8(4), 333-342.
Harsanyi, J.C. (1961). On the Rationality Postulates Underlying the Theory of Cooperative Games. The Journal of Conflict Resolution 5(2): 179-196.
Henrich, J., et al. (2005). ‘Economic man’ in cross-cultural perspective: Behavioral experiments in 15 small-scale societies.. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 28(6), 795-855.
Hibbing, J. & Alford, J.. (2004). Accepting Authoritative Decisions: Humans as Wary Cooperators. American Journal of Political Science, 48(1), 62-76.
Horn, C.A. PytlikZillig, L.M., Bruning, R., & Kauffman, D.F. (2003). At risk in cyberspace, in Roger Bruning, Christy A. Horn, & Lisa M. PytlikZillig, Eds. (pp. 129-152). Web-based learning: What do we know? Where do we go? Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.
Kalyuga, S., Chandler, P., & Sweller, J. (2000). Incorporating learner experience into the design of multimedia instruction. Journal of Educational Psychology, 92(1), 126-136.
Kay, A.C., Wheeler, S.C., Bargh, J.A., & Ross, L. (2004). Material priming: The influence of mundane physical objects on situational construal and competitive behavioral choice. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 95(1), 83-96.
Knowles, E.D., Morris, M.W., Chiu, C., & Hong, Y. (2001). Culture and the process of person perception: Evidence for automaticity among East Asians in correcting for situational influences on behavior. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27(10), 1344-1356.
Kurzban, R. (2001). The social psychophysics of cooperation: nonverbal communication in a public goods game. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 25(4), 241-259.
Larrick, R.P. & Blount, S. (1997). The claiming effect: Why players are more generous in social dilemmas than in ultimatum games. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72(4), 810-825.
Lusk, J.L., & Hudson, D. (2004). Effects of monitor-subject cheap talk on ultimatum game offers. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 54(3), 439-443.
Miller, W. (1937). The picture crutch in reading. Elementary English Review, 14, 263-264.
Minear, M., and Park, D.C. (2004). A lifespan database of adult facial stimuli. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, 36(4), 630-633.
Moshman, D. (2005). Adolescent Psychological Development (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Mwangi, W. & Sweller, J. (1998). Learning to solve compare word problems: The effect of example format and generating self-explanations. Cognition and Instruction, 16(2), 173-199.
Oppewal, H., & Tougareva, E. (1992). A three-person ultimatum game to investigate effects of differences in need, sharing rules and observability on bargaining behaviour. Experimental Economics, 13(2), 203-213.
Paas, F.G.W.C. & van Merrienboer, J.J.G. (1994). Instructional control of cognitive load in the training of complex cognitive tasks. Educational Psychology Review, 6(4), 351-371.
PytlikZillig, L.M., Horn, C.A., & White, M.J. (2003). Teachers, technology, and students at risk, in Roger Bruning, Christy A. Horn, & Lisa M. PytlikZillig, Eds. (pp. 57-78). Web-based learning: What do we know? Where do we go? Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.
Robert, C. & Carnevale, P.J. (1997). Group choice in ultimatum bargaining. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 72(2), 256-279.
Salden, R.J.C.M., Paas, F., Nroers, N.J., & van Merrienboer, J.J.G. (2004). Mental effort and performance as determinants for the dynamic selection of learning tasks in air traffic control training. Instructional Science, 32, 153-172.
Sherman, S.J. & Sherman, J.W. (1999). Bring the troops back home: Armistice between motivation and cognition. Psychological Inquiry, 10(1), 65-68.
Slonim, R. & Roth, A.E. (1998). Learning in high stakes ultimatum games: An experiment in the Slovak Republic. Econometrica, 66(3), 569-596.
Smith, K. (2006) Representational altruism: The wary cooperator as authoritative decision maker. American Journal of Political Science, 50(4), 1013-1022.
Sonnenschein, S. (1982). The effects of redundant communications on listeners. When more is less. Child Development, 53(3), 717-729
Sweller, J. & Chandler, P. (1991). Evidence for Cognitive Load Theory. Cognition and Instruction, 8(4), 351-362.
Sweller, J. & Chandler, P. (1994). Why some material is difficult to learn. Cognition and Instruction, 12(3), 185-233.
Tuovinen, J.E. & Paas, F. (2004). Exploring multimedimensional approaches to the efficiency of instructional conditions. Instructional Science, 32, 133-152.


In Search Of, a tdaxp series
1. Educational Psychology
2. Load and Behavior
3. Experiments
4. Conclusions
5. Bibliography

Evolutionary Cognitivism, Part VII: Bibliography

This series, which Mark of ZenPundit kindly described as a book review, is really nothing so organized. It is a collection of six reaction papers over one book for a seminar I am taking. The topics jump from the unconscious mind, to children as a hive-like worker caste, and height based segregation to other fascinating topics. Thus I listed my works cited at the bottom of every page, so that if someone was searching for information on that particular topic, the info would be immediately available and they wouldn’t have to go somewhere else.

However, a recent comment on polisci blog made me realize how important it is to have a central bibliographical resource on the blog for those who want to go deeper. A “bibliography” page is easier to navigate for these researchers than page after page after page. Therefore, below the fold, is the bibliography for Evolutionary Cognitivism, citing every journal article, newspaper story, and book referenced in this series.


“African adaptation to digesting milk is ‘strongest signal of selection ever.’” (2006). Scientific American. December 11, 2006. Available online: http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?chanID=sa003&articleID=727EA883-E7F2-99DF-36D89AB12E930315.
“Enter the Dragon.” (2003). The Observer. July 20, 2003. Available online: http://observer.guardian.co.uk/worldview/story/0,11581,1001961,00.html.
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Evolutionary Cognitivism, a tdaxp series
1. Selection and Cognition
2. Epigentics and Diversity
3. Children and Civilization
4. The Implicit and the Explicit
5. Man Among Men
6. More Than Genes
7. Bibliography

The Wary Guerrilla, Part X: Bibliography

I’ve posted a number of bibliographies on this blog — for my Computer Science Master’s thesis, for my work Redefining the Gap, and on the variations of John Boyd’s OODA loop. This semester alone I’ve posted a number of worked cited, for such series as Classroom Democracy, Learning Evolved, and Student Nature, in addition to papers I did not post. The bibliography for this series, however, is more substantive than any of those.

Above the fold are the “As.”

Abrahamian, E. (2002). The US Media, Samuel Huntington and September 11. Middle East Report 223: 62-63.
Alford, J. & Hibbing, J. (2004) .The Origin of Politics: An Evolutionary Theory of Political Behavior. Perspectives on Politics 2(4), 707-723

Alford, J., & Hibbing, J. (2006a). Could Political Attitudes Be Shaped by Evolution Working Through Genes? Tidsskriftet Politik: August 2006 edition.

Alford, J. R., & Hibbing, J.R. (2006b). The Neural Basis of Representative Democracy. Paper presented at the Hendricks Conference on Biology, Evolution, and Political Behavior.

Allen, L. 2002. There are Many Reasons Why: Suicide Bombers and Martyrs in Palestine. Middle East Report 223: 34-37.

Andoni, L. (1997). Searching for Answers: Gaza’s Suicide Bombers. Journal of Palestine Studies 26(4): 33-45.

Arfi, B. (2000). “Spontaneous” interethnic order: the emergence of collective, path-dependent cooperation. International Studies Quarterly 44(4): 563-590.

Atran, S. 2003. Genesis of Suicide Terrorism. Science 299: 1534-1539.

Below the fold, everything else:


Ball, K. (2002). Wanted, Dead or Distracted: On Ressentiment in History, Philosphy, and Everyday Life. Cultural Critique 52: 235-267.
Becker, G.S. (1976). Altruism, Egoism, and Genetic Fitness: Economics and Sociobiology. Journal of Economic Literature 14(3): 817-826.
Bender, J. & Mookherjee, D. (1987). Institutional structure and the logic of ongoing collective action. The American Political Science Review 81(1): 129-154.
Bethwaite, J. & Tompkinson, P. (1996). The ultimatum game and non-selfish utility functions. Journal of Economic Psychology 17(2): 259-271.
Borneman, J. (2001). Genital Anxiety. Anthropological Quarterly 75(1): 129-137.
Bosch, D.J. (1974). Currents and Crosscurrents in South African Black Theology. Journal of Religion in Africa 6(1): 1-22.
Bower, B. (2006). The Bias Finders: A Test of Unconscious Attitudes Polarizes Psychologists. Science News, 169(16), 250.
Bowles, S. & Gintis, H. (1999). Is equality passe? Boston Review 23(6). Retreived online http://bostonreview.net/BR23.6/bowles.html.
Bowman, J.E. Anthropology: From bones to human genomes. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 568: 140-153.
Bush, G.W. (2002). The State of the Union Address. Available online: http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/01/20020129-11.html.
Buss, D.M. (1995). Evolutionary psychology: A new paradigm for psychological sciences. Psychological Inquiry 6(1): 1-30.
Buttler, P. (2002). Foreword: Terrorism and utilitarianism: Lessons from, and for, criminal law. The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology (1973-) 93(1): 1-22.
Boyd, R., Gintis, H., Bowles, S., & Richardson, P. (2003). The evolution of altruistic punishment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100(4), 3531-3535.
Bruning, R., & Horn, C.. (2000). Developing motivation to write. Educational Psychologist 35(1):25-37.
Camerer, C., Loewenstein, G., and Prelec, D. (2005). Neuroeconomics: How Neuroscience Can Inform Economics. Journal of Economic Literature, 43(1), 9-64.
Carmen, I.H. 2006. Genetic Configurations of Political Phenomena: New Theories, New Methods. Paper presented at the Hendricks Conference on Biology, Evolution, and Political Behavior.
Caspari, E.W. & Marshak, R.E. (1965). The rise and fall of Lysenko. Science 149(3681): 275-278.
Caspi, A., et al. (2003). Influence of Life Stress on Depression: Moderation by a Polymorphism in the 5-HTT Gene. Science. Vol. 301 No. 5631 pp. 386-289.
Cassinelli, C.W. (1960). Totalitarianism, ideology, and propaganda. The Journal of Politics 22(1): 68-95.
Corning, P.A. (1971). The biological basis of behavior and some implications for political science. World Politics 23(3): 321-370.
Craemer, Thomas. (2006). Evolutionary Model of Racial Attitude Formation Socially Shared and Idiosyncratic Racial Attitudes. Paper presented at the Hendricks Conference on Biology, Evolution, and Political Behavior.
Dawkins, R. (1976). The selfish gene. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
De Martino, B., et al. (2006) Frames, Biases, and Rational Decision-Making in the Human Brain. Science, 313, 684-687.
Deech, R. (1998). Family law and genetics. The Modern Law Review 61(5): 697-715.
Ding, Y., et al. (2002). Evidence of positive selection acting at the human dopamine receptor D4 gene locus. PNAS, 99(1) 309-314.
Eckel, C.C. & Grossman, P.J. (2002). Chivalry and Solidarity in Ultimatum Games. Economic Inquiry 39(2): 171-188.
Elkind, D. (1997) All Grown Up and No Place to Go. Perseus Books Group: New York, NY.
El Sarraj, E., & Butler, L. (2002). Suicide Bombers: Dignity, Despair, and the Need for Hope: An Interview with Eyad El Sarraj. Journal of Palestine Studies 31(4): 71-76.
Euben, R.L. (2002). Killing (For) Politics: Jihad, Martyrdom, and Political Action. Political Theory 30(1): 4-35.
Fehr, E., & Gachter, S. (2000). Cooperation and Punishment in Public Goods Experiments. The American Economic Review 90(4): 980-994.
Fong, D.K.H. & Bolton, G.E. (1997). Analyzing Ultimatum Bargaining: A Bayesian Approach to the Comparison of Two Potency Curves under Shape Constraints. Journal of Business & Economics Statistics 15(3): 335-344.
Fowler, J.H., Baker, L.A., & Dawes, C.T. 2006. The Genetic Basis of Political Cooperation. Paper presented at the Hendricks Conference on Biology, Evolution, and Political Behavior.
Fowler, J. (2006). Altruism and Turnout, The Journal of Politics, Vol. 68 No. 3, pp 674-683.
Fulwider, J. & Saferstein, R. (2006). Insert Paper Title for John & Rhoda Here.
Ganguly, S. (1998). India in 1997: Another Year of Turmoil. Asian Survey 38(2): 126-134.
Gerges, F.A. (1997). Islam and Muslims in the Mind of America: Influences on the Making of U. S. Policy. Journal of Palestine Studies 26(2): 68-80.
Gil-White, F.J. (2004). Ultimatum Game with Ethnicity Manipulation: Problems Faced Doing Field Economic Experiments and their Solutions. Field Methods 16(2): 157-183.
Goldstein, J.S. (1987). The emperor’s new genes: sociobiology and war. International Studies Quarterly 31(1): 33-43.
Goodin, R.E. (1984). Itinerants, Iterations, and Something In-Between. British Journal of Political Science 14(1): 129-132.
Gosling, S.D., Rentfrow, P.J., & Swann, W.B., Jr. (2003). A very brief measure of the Big-Five personality domains. Journal of Research in Personality 37: 504-528.
Gould, Stephen J. (2000). More Things in Heaven and Earth. In H. Rose and S. Rose (Eds.) Alas, Poor Darwin: Arguments Against Evolutionary Psychology. Harmony: New York, NY.
Gowdy, J., Iorgulescu, R., & Onyeiwu, S. (2003). Fairness and Retaliation in a Rural Nigerian Village. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 52(4): 469-479.
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Hamilton, W.D. (1964). The genetical evolution of social behavior. I. Journal of Theoretical Biology 7:1-16;
Hammond, R., & Axelrod, R. (2006) The Evolution of Ethnocentricism. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 50(6).
Harsanyi, J.C. (1961). On the Rationality Postulates Underlying the Theory of Cooperative Games. The Journal of Conflict Resolution 5(2): 179-196.
Harpending, H., & Cochran, G. (2002) In Our Genes. PNAS, 99(1), 10-12.
Harwood, J. (1987). National styles in science: Genetics in Germany and the United States between the World Wars. Isis 78(3): 390-414.
Healy, W. (1914). Critique on recording data concerning criminals. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 52: 89-92.
Henrich, J., et al. (2001). In Search of Homo Economicus: Behavioral Experiments in 15 Small-Scale Societies. American Economic Review 91(2):73-78.
Henrich, J., et al. (2005). ‘Economic man’ in cross-cultural perspective: Behavioral experiments in 15 small-scale societies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28(6): 795-855.
Hibbing, John R., & Alford, John R. (2004). Accepting Authoritative Decisions: Humans as Wary Cooperators. American Journal of Political Science 48(1):62-76.
Hibbing, J. R., & Theiss-Morse, Elizabeth. (2001). Process Preferences and American Politics: What the People Want Government to Be. The American Political Science Review 95(1):145-153.
Huddy, Leonie, Feldman, Stanley, & Weber, Christopher. (2006). The Political Consequences of Perceived Threat and Felt Insecurity. Paper presented at the Hendricks Conference on Biology, Evolution, and Political Behavior.
Husband, W.B. (1998). Soviet Atheism and Russian Orthodox Strategies of Resistance, 1917-1932. The Journal of Modern History 70(1): 74-107.
Iannacconne, L.R. (1990). Religious Practice: A Human Capital Approach. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 29(3): 297-314.
Iannaccone, L.R. (1995). Voodoo Economics? Reviewing the Rational Choice Approach to Religion. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 34(1): 76-88.
Iannaccone, L.R. (1997). Skewness Explained: A Rational Choice Model of Religious Giving. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 36(2): 141-157.
Iannaccone, L.R. (1998). Introduction to the Economics of Religion. Journal of Economic Literature 36: 1465-1496.
Jenkins, B.M. (1986). Defense Against Terrorism. Political Science Quarterly 101(5): 773-786.
Jervis. R, (2002). Mutual Assured Destruction. Foreign Policy 133: 40-42.
Jervis, R. (2004). The Implications of Prospect Theory for Human Nature and Values. Political Psychology, 25(2), 163-176.
Johnson, B.D. (1965). Durkheim’s one cause of suicide. American Sociological Review 30(6): 875-886.
Johnson, P. E. (2006). Ecological Analysis of a System of Organized Interests. Paper presented at the Hendricks Conference on Biology, Evolution, and Political Behavior.
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The Wary Guerrilla, a tdaxp series
1. Abstract
2. Terrorism
3. Predictions
4. An Experiment
5. Results
6. Absolute Guerrilla
7. Those Who Cause Less Pain
8. Future Research
9. Political Implications
10. Bibliography

Classroom Democracy, Part V: Bibliography

I was going through some papers and posts, preparing for the next installment of The Wary Guerrilla, when I realized I had not posted a bibliography for my Classroom Democracy series. Throughout the series I cite chapters and journal articles but never state where I got them from. Thus, without further ado, my long occulted sources:

Bruning, R. (1995). The College Classroom from the Perspective of Cognitive Psychology. Handbook of College Teaching: Theory and Applications.

Dawson, J.D. (1996) Relations of mutual trust and objects of common interest. In J.K. Roth (Ed.) Inspiring Teaching: Carnegie Professors of the Year Speak. Bolton, MA: Anker Publishing Company, Inc. (pp. 44-53).

Halonen, J.S. (2002). Classroom presence. In S. Davis & W.Buskist (Eds.). The teaching of psychology: Essays in honor of William J. McKeachie and Charles Brewer. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. (pp. 41-55).

Ley, K. and Young, D. (1998). Self-Regulation Behaviors in Underprepared (Developmental) and Regular Admission College Students. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 1998, Vol. 23, 42-64.

Roth, J.K. (1996). What teaching teaches me: How the Holocaust informs my philosophy of education. In J.K. Roth (Ed.) Inspiring Teaching: Carnegie Professors of the Year Speak. Bolton, MA: Anker Publishing Company, Inc. (pp. 199-210).

Royse, D. (2001). The mental groundwork. In D. Royse (Ed.). Teaching Tips for College and University Instructors: A Practical Guide. Needham Heights, MA.: Allyn & Bacon. (pp. 1-24).

Ruiz, T.F.(1996). Teaching as subversion. In J.K. Roth (Ed.) Inspiring Teaching: Carnegie Professors of the Year Speak. Bolton, MA: Anker Publishing Company, Inc.(pp. 158-165).

Smith, K. (2006). “Representational Altruism: The Wary Cooperator as Authoritative Decision Maker,” American Journal of Political Science, October 2006, Vol. 50 No. 4, pp 1013-1022.

Smith, K. et al. (2004). Evolutionary Theory and Political Leadership: Why Certain People Do Not Trust Decision-Makers. Presented at the 2004 Midwest Political Science Association Conference in Chicago, 2004, 1-42.


Classroom Democracy, a tdaxp series
1. A Parliament of Scholars
2. A Defense of Republics
3. The Life of Constitutions
4. The Evolution of Learning
5. Bibliography

Development Biology: Even Quicker and Dirtier Than Usual

If you felt that my quick and dirty literature reviews on learning disabled students and ultimatum game were too polished, too coherent, and too well written, this is the post for you! Below the fold are some sloppily thrown together notes, for my benefit only. I’ll try to write an actually readable post later in the day.


Among even the educated public, evolution is a controversial and poorly understood topic (Alter & Nelson, 2002).
Evolutionary psychology is a fruitful research area that generates specific, testable, and interesting hypothes (Buss, 1995).

Except in extreme cases, nature and nurture cannot be seperated (Vetta & Courgeau, 2003). Additionally, new abilities emerge in predictable ways (Carpenter, et al. 1998). “Developmental biology” — a synthesis of information-processing theory and evolutionary psychology — may be the next step in understanding cognitive development (Bjorklund, 1997). Simulations have been used to model information processing theory in childhood art (Burton, 1997).

Humans have inborn, social affections (Hofer, 1987) and physical abilities (Thelen, Ulrich, & Wolff, 1991).Group selection may explain cultural change in as little as five to ten cutires (Soltis, Boyd & Richerson, 1995)..
The view that altruism may be truly altruistic, rather than an expression of genetic or individual selfishness, is gaining ground (Piliavin & Charng, 1990).

Neurobiology and evolutionary biology emerged at around the same time, the 1960s and 1970s (Sokal, 1970).

The issue of group and individual selection is widely debated in adaptionist circles, but group selection theories are more favored in genetic circles (Goodnight & Stevens, 1997).

Six broad categories of genetic-environmental questions exist: the degree to which it affects quantitative variations, the degree to which it influences social structure, the how human populations face selection pressures (Thoday, et al, 1970).

r means growth rate, while K refers to the saturdation density (Kurihara, Shikano, & Toda, 1990).
Interpersonal skills may fall into basic interaction, communication skills, conflict resolution, and team building (De Natale & Russell, 1995).

The origin of multiple intelligiences has been studied by examining the traces of human ancestor and competitor species (Wunn, 2000). Indeed, evidence argues that most of the domains that Gardner originally outlined are actually collections of domains (Visser, Ashton, & Vernon, 2006a; 2006b). A view of modular intelligence that is effected by genetic-environmental interaction has been used to fight racist notions through scholarly literature (Graves & Johnson, 1995). Kinesthetic intelligence may split into fine motor intelligence and whole body intelligence (Gardner, 2006).

Alter, B.J. & Nelson, C.E. (2002). Perspective: Teaching Evolution in Higher Education. Evolution 56(10): 1891-1901.
Bjorklund, D.F. (1997). In Search of a Metatheory for Cognitive Development (Or, Piaget Is Dead and I Don’t Feel So Good Myself). Child Development 68(1): 144-148.
Burton, E. (1997). Artificial Innocence: Interactions between the Study of Children’s Drawing and Artificial Intelligence. Leonardo 30(4): 301-309.
Buss, D.M. (1995). Evolutionary Psychology: A New Paradigm for Psychological Science. Psychological Inquiry 6(1): 1-30.
Carpenter, Malinda, et al. (1998). Social Cognition, Joint Attention, and Communicative Competence from 9 to 15 Months of Age. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development 63(4).
Di Datale, J. J. & Russell, G.S. (1995). Cooperative Learning for Better Performance. Music Educators Journal 82(2): 26-28.
Gardner, H. On failing to grasp the core of MI theory: A response to Visser et al. Intelligence 34(5): 503-505.
Goodnight, C.J. & Stevens, L. (1997). Experimental Studies of Group Selection: What Do They Tell Us About Group Selection in Nature?. The American Naturalist 150: S59-S79.
Graves, J.L., Jr., & Johnson, A. (1995). The Pseudoscience of Psychometry and The Bell Curve. The Journal of Negro Education 64(3): 277-294.
Hofer, M.A. (1987). . Early Social Relationships: A Psychobiologist’s View. Child Development 58(#): 633-647.
Kurihara, Y., Shikano, S., & Toda, M. (1990). Trade-Off between Interspecific Competitive Ability and Growth Rate in Bacteria. Ecolony 71(2): 645-650.
Pilviavin, J.A. & Charng, H. Altruism: A Review of Recent Theory and Research. Annual Review of Sociology 16: 27-65.
Sokal, R.R. (1970). Another New Biology. BioScience 20(3): 152-159.
Soltis, J., Boyd, R., & Richerson, P.J. (1995). Can Group-Functional Behaviors Evolve by Culturla Group Selection: An Empirical Test. Current Anthropology 36(3): 473-494.
Thelen, E., Ulrich, B.D., & Wolff, P.H. (1991). Hidden Skills: A Dynamic Systems Analysis of Treadmill Stepping during the First Year. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development 56(1).
Thoday, J.M. (1970). The Interrelation between Genetics and the Social Sciences. Population Studies 24: 49-54.
Wunn, Ina. (2000). Beginning of Religion. Numen 47(4): 417-452.
Vetta, A. & Courgeau, D. (2003). Demographic Behaviour and Behaviour Genetics. Population (English Edition, 2002-) 55(4/5): 401-428.
Visser, B.A., Ashton, M.C., & Vernon, P.A. (2006a). Beyond g: Putting multiple intelligences theory to the test. Intelligence 34(5): 487-502.
Visser, B.A., Ashton, M.C., & Vernon, P.A. (2006b). g and the measurement of Multiple Intelligences: A response to Gardner. Intelligence 34(5): 507-510.

Student Nature, Part IV: Bibliography

As with the bibliography for Learning Evolved, the citations are close to APA Style. Entries starting with “A” are above the fold, and the rest are below

Albanese, Robert, & van Fleet, David D. (1985). Rational Behavior in Groups: The Free-Riding Tendency. The Academy of Management Review 10(2):244-255.
Alford, J., Funk, C., & Hibbing, J. (2005) Are Political Orientations Genetically Transmitted? American Political Science Review, 99(2), 154-168.
Alford, J. & Hibbing, J. (2004) .The Origin of Politics: An Evolutionary Theory of Political Behavior. Perspectives on Politics, 2(4), 707-723
Alford, J., & Hibbing, J. (2006). Could Political Attitudes Be Shaped by Evolution Working Through Genes? Tidsskriftet Politik: August 2006 edition.
Allen, Joseph P., et al. (2005). The Two Faces of Adolescents’ Success with Peers: Adolescent Popularity, Social Adaption, and Deviant Behavior. Child Development 76(3):747-.760.
Atran, Scott. (2003). Genesis of Suicide Terrorism. Science 299:1534-1539.


Barker, L. (2002). Teaching the Learning Course: Philosophy and Methods, in The Teaching of Psychology: Essays in Honor of Wilbert J. McKeachie and Charles L. Brewer, 379-393.
Baron-Cohen, Simon. (2006). A Political System Based on Empathy. Edge: The World Question Center. Available online: http://www.edge.org/q2006/q06_4.html#baroncohen.
Beins, B.C. (2002). Technology in the classroom: Traditions in psychology. In S. Davis & W.Buskist (Eds.). The teaching of psychology: Essays in honor of William J. McKeachie and Charles Brewer. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. (pp. 307-321)
Benton, Stephen L., & Kiewra, Kenneth A. (1986). Measuring the Organizational Aspects of Writing Ability. Journal of Educational Measurement 23(4): 377-386.
Biggs, John (1999). Enriching Large-Class Teaching in Teaching for Quality Learning at University. Philadelphia, PA; Open University Press.
Bloom, Howard. (2000). Global Brain. Wiley & Sons: New York, NY.
Bower, B. (2006). The Bias Finders: A Test of Unconscious Attitudes Polarizes Psychologists. Science News, 169(16), 250.
Boyd, R., Gintis, H., Bowles, S., & Richardson, P. (2003) “The Evolution of Altruistic Punishment,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 18 March 2003, 100(4), 3531-3535.
Buller, D.J. (2005). Adapting Minds. MIT Press: Cambridge, MA.
Camerer, C., Loewenstein, G., and Prelec, D. (2005). Neuroeconomics: How Neuroscience Can Inform Economics. Journal of Economic Literature, 43(1), 9-64.
Capsi, A., et al. (2003). Influence of Life Stress on Depression: Moderation by a Polymorphism in the 5-HTT Gene. Science. Vol. 301 No. 5631 pp. 386-289.
Carmen, I. (2006). Genetic Configurations of Political Phenomena: New Theories, New Methods. Paper presented at the Hendricks Conference on Biology, Evolution, and Political Behavior.
Castellanos, F.X., et al. (1998) Lack of an association between a dopamine-4 receptor polymorphism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: genetic and brain morphometric analyses. Molecular Psychiatry 3(5):431-434.
Craemer, Thomas. (2006). Evolutionary Model of Racial Attitude Formation Socially Shared and Idiosyncratic Racial Attitudes. Paper presented at the Hendricks Conference on Biology, Evolution, and Political Behavior.
Ding, Y., et al. (2002). Evidence of positive selection acting at the human dopamine receptor D4 gene locus. PNAS, 99(1) 309-314.
Driver, R., et al. (1994). Constructing Scientific Knowledge in the Classroom. Educational Researcher 23, 5-12.
Elkind, David. (1997) All Grown Up and No Place to Go. Perseus Books Group: New York, NY.
Fadok, D.S., Boyd, J., & Warden, J. (1995). Air Power’s Quest for Strategic Paralysis. Maxwell Air Force Base AL: Air University Press
Fass, Paula. (1989). Testing the IQ of Children. In Outside In: Minorities and the Transformation of American Education. Oxford University Press: New York, NY.
Fehr, E., & Gachter, S. (2000). “Cooperation and Punishment in Public Goods Experiments,” The American Economic Review, September 2000, Vol 90 No 4, 980-994.
Fels, Rendigs. (1993). This is what I do, and I like it. The Journal of Economic Education 24(4):365-370.
Fowler, J. (2006). Altruism and Turnout, The Journal of Politics, Vol. 68 No. 3, pp 674-683.
Gardner, H. (1983). Multiple Intelligences. Basic Books: New York, NY.
Gardner, H. (2003). Multiple Intelligences After Twenty Years. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association.
Gould, Stephen J. (2000). More Things in Heaven and Earth. In H. Rose and S. Rose (Eds.) Alas, Poor Darwin: Arguments Against Evolutionary Psychology. Harmony: New York, NY.
Grady, D.L., et al. (2003). High prevalence of rare dopamine receptor D4 alleles in children diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Molecular Psychiatry 8(5):536-545.
Hammond, R., & Axelrod, R. (2006) The Evolution of Ethnocentricism. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 50(6).
Harpending, H., & Cochran, G. (2002) In Our Genes. PNAS, 99(1), 10-12.
Henrich, Joseph, et al. (2001). In Search of Homo Economicus: Behavioral Experiments in 15 Small-Scale Societies. American Economic Review 91(2):73-78.
Hoffman, Donald. (2006). A Spoon is Like a Headache. Edge: The World Question Center. Online: http://www.edge.org/q2006/q06_3.html#hoffman.
Huddy, Leonie, Feldman, Stanley, & Weber, Christopher. (2006). The Political Consequences of Perceived Threat and Felt Insecurity. Paper presented at the Hendricks Conference on Biology, Evolution, and Political Behavior.
Hursh, B. A. & Borzak, L. (1979). Toward Cognitive Development through Field Studies. The Journal of Higher Education 50, 63-78.
Igo, L. Brent, Kiewra, Kenneth A., & Bruning, Roger. (2004). Removing the Snare from the Pair: Using Pictures to Learn Confusing Words. Journal of Experimental Education 72(3):165-178.
Jervis, R. (2004). The Implications of Prospect Theory for Human Nature and Values. Political Psychology, 25(2), 163-176.
Johnson, Paul. E. (2006). Ecological Analysis of a System of Organized Interests. Paper presented at the Hendricks Conference on Biology, Evolution, and Political Behavior.
Kurzban, R., & DeScioli, P. (2005) “Characterizing reciprocity in groups: Information-seeking in a public goods game,” (Submitted), alternate draft at http://www.psych.upenn.edu/~descioli/kurzban%20descioli%20pgi%207%2012%2006.pdf.
Kurzban, Robert, & Houser, Daniel. (2005). Experiments Investigation Cooperative Types in Humans: A Complement to Evolutinoary Theory and Simulations. PNAS 102(5): 1803-1807.
Leuthold, Jane H. (1993). A Free Rider Experiment for the Large Class. The Journal of Economic Education 24(4):353-363.
Lieberman, M., Schreiber, D., & Ochsner, K. (2003). Is Political Cognition Like Riding a Bicycle: How Cognitive Neuroscience Can Inform Research on Political Thinking. Political Psychology, 2003, 24(4), 681-704.
Lisska, A.J.(1996). Teaching through the curriculum: The development of a comprehensive honors program. In J.K. Roth (Ed.) Inspiring Teaching: Carnegie Professors of the Year Speak. Bolton, MA: Anker Publishing Company, Inc. (pp. 90-99).
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Student Nature, a companion series to Learning Evolved
1. The Nature of the Student
2. The Natures of Our Students
3. Nature and Her Consequences
4. Bibliography