Cognition, International Law, and Human Struggle

An experiment gives students cues or not, makes them takes notes or not

How well do notes reflect note-taking mandatoriness or cues? What is the quality of the notes?

W/O Cues: Organization (Major) Points: 15%, Detail (Minor) Points: 37%
W/ Cues: Organization (Major) Points: 54%, Detail (Minor) Points: 80%

So /explaining what you are doing makes it more likely to be noted/. But what about recall?

Organization Points:

  Organization Points Details
  Notes No Notes Notes No Notes
W/ Organization Cutes 64 41 49 24
10 5 20 22

Big improvement (5% -> 41%) for recall without notes with organization cues!

Cues are more important than notes

  • Like run-up to iraq war
  • study of college studies
  • drawback: test was immediate (not time-delayed)
  • note that cues dramatically effect “organization points” but not so much “detail points”

Other distractions
“sometimes when it is very quiet almost any sound will distract you” — 5GW?

when you “rehease” itmes, it stays in short-term memory but doesn’t go in long-term memory

So attacks should latch onto old knwowledge — meaningful violence

Probability of recall is high near the beginning of a series, low in the middle, high again near the end

for battle for perception, start and end well, do what you want in hte middle?

international law is weakest mid-conflict?

similar to “jumbled” (“jmelubd”) words?

but if there is a distraction, the end of the series is forgotten too!

-so end as you will (weak International Law) but use distractions?

If international law — social cognition, is the same true for social cognition?

chunking — remembering in pieces
– how to apply to human struggle?
– 7 +/- 2: short term memory

recoding systems as way to form complex information
– rhetoric as recoding

Shortm Term Memory (STM) Limitations)

Strategy: Time, Rehearsal; Capacity, Chunking
Limitation: Time, 20 seconds; Capacity, 7 +/- 2
Evidence: Time, recency and tigram experiments; Capacity, digit span

know how big a “bit” is to a student

Application of Concepts
only a few new concepts
repitition to emphasize and elaborate
“note taking is taking for short term memory” — slows down OODA loop? (note taking = methodical warfare?)
provide cutes, avoid worthless redundancies